Fragrance ingredients

How many ingredients does a perfume usually contain?

It varies. A perfume may contain 10, 50, 100 or more different materials but it doesn’t necessarily follow that a fragrance made with 300 is superior to one containing 10. The key is how the different ingredients blend together to ‘talk’ to you.

Perfumers today tend to prefer short formulae. The notes are purer, the quality easier to maintain.

What is the difference between Perfume, Eau de Parfum or Parfum de Toilette, Eau de Toilette and Cologne?

Each represents a different ‘concentration’ of actual perfume oil in a scent. Perfume, parfum or extrait is the most concentrated, longest-lasting fragrance form with 12 to 30 per cent perfume oils.

The newer Eau de Parfum or Esprit de Parfum interpretations are almost as concentrated as the traditional extraits, but the Parfum de Toilette or Eau de Toilette (a Cologne, in the United States) is a lighter strength, with a level of fragrance anywhere from 4 to 18 per cent.

In Europe, the word Eau de Cologne describes a very light level of fragrance, only 1 to 3 per cent oil.

Fragrance Family classifications © Copyright Michael Edwards 2012